William Randolph Hearst Biography

As a child and teenager, William Randolph Hearst attended many private schools. He came from a rich family, which allowed him to do this during the school year, and vacation in Europe in the summers. As a young man, William Randolph Hearst attended Harvard University. While there, he worked for the school paper, the Harvard Lampoon. However, he never graduated from the school, as he was expelled for acting foolish and drinking too much alcohol.

Even though he never finished college, his family influence and editing skills were able to land him a job working for the San Francisco Examiner in 1887, as his father owned the paper. He worked at this paper for several years. In 1895, he borrowed money from his mother to buy his own newspaper, the New York Morning Journal. The paper was cheap to buy, as it was not doing well at the time. Hearst hired many new writers and editors in an attempt to revamp the paper.

William Randolph Hearst had one major competitor to the New York Morning Journal: the New York World. William Randolph Hearst studied the New York World, trying to figure out what made it so popular. The paper had excellent writing and fun comics, which could attract audiences both young and old. Hearst then came up with a scheme to ruin the paper. He started offering to pay the New York World writers more money to work for his paper; many of the writers took him up on this offer and joined the New York World. He also copied some of the paper’s other techniques to make them more similar to each other. His scheme ended up working out, and by 1897, his paper was more popular than the New York World.

In the late 1890’s, William Randolph Hearst began using his paper to push his own political agenda. He was a democratic man, and so he posted stories mostly about democratic events. His paper was highly bias, to say the least. Because of his pushing his political ideals in his paper, he was later accused to manipulating his customers into thinking that the United States should go to war with Spain. This war really did happen, and at the end of it, Spain gave up control of Cuba.

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